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November Today in Terrorism

November 25, 1973: Marathon airline hijacking over Iraq

On November 25, 1973 three members of the Arab Youth Organization for the Liberation of Palestine hijacked a KLM flight over Iraqi airspace.

IRAQI AIRSPACE – Remember the old travel brochures extoling us to ‘see the world’? Terrorists can sometimes facilitate that!

Have you ever planned that dream vacation only to see your route to that idyllic spot marred by a series of flights? Even if there is a direct flight from A to B, why is it that you go from A to C to D to E before finally getting to B?

If you do not travel first class and hence get access to premium lounges you are stuck on an uncomfortable airport terminal hard-back seats munching on whatever ‘food’ is available and trying to get some much needed sleep after an overnight flight. Not fun!

Few of us would opt for this, even if technically it counts as “seeing” another country. Although I am not so sure “seeing” a sterile airport building is quite what we had in mind.

I REALLY enjoy spending endless hours waiting for another leg of my journey – NOT! (Photo: Christopher John SSF on flickr, CC BY 2.0)

Would the experience be any more exciting if a terrorist group arranged it?

On this day in 1973

KLM flight 861 was en route from Amsterdam to Tokyo with stops in Athens, Beirut and Delhi. And if that was not bad enough, the aircraft was hijacked by three passengers, claiming to be members of the Arab Youth Organization for the Liberation of Palestine while in Iraqi airspace. They forced the plane to land at Damascus and later demanded to be flown to Cyprus where they requested the release of seven Palestine prisoners. When their demands were not met, the hijackers forced the crew to fly to Libya, which rejected them, then off to Malta, where negotiations failed, and finally to Baghdad.

It gets worse. The Iraqis refused to let the plane land, as had Kuwait and Qatar earlier, so off to Dubai they flew. Negotiations to end the crisis failed – again! – and it was off to Aden (Yemen) where authorities refused landing – again! – forcing the plane to return to Dubai where the terrorists surrendered.

Try before you fly!

KLM ad

I cannot imagine how the passengers felt during this ordeal. I wonder if they got KLM airmiles at least?

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By Phil Gurski

Phil Gurski is the President and CEO of Borealis Threat and Risk Consulting Ltd. and Director of the National Security programme at the University of Ottawa’s Professional Development Institute (PDI). Phil is a 32-year veteran of CSE and CSIS and the author of six books on terrorism.

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